Music - Page 1

308 - الغِناء

308. MUSIC1

1448 - ذَمُّ الغِناءِ


(فَاجْتَنِبُوا الرِّجْسَ مِنَ الْأوْثانِ وَاجْتَنِبُوا قَوْلَ الزُّورِ) .2

“So avoid the abomination of idols, and avoid false speech.”3

4887.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله: إنَّ اللَّهَ بَعَثَنَي رَحمَةً للعالَمينَ، ولأِمحَقَ المَعازِفَ والمَزاميرَ واُمورَ الجاهِليّةِ .4

4887.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Verily Allah, Mighty and Exalted, sent me as a mercy to the worlds, and in order to eradicate string instruments, the flute and others pre-Islamic pagan practices.’5

4888.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : صَوتانِ مَلعونانِ فِي الدنيا والآخِرَةِ : مِزمارٌ عندَ نِعمَةٍ ، ورَنَّةٌ عندَ مُصيبَةٍ .6

4888.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Two sounds are cursed in this world as well as in the Hereafter: the sound of the flute played [in celebration] for a bounty, and the twang [of string instruments played] during a calamity.’7

4889.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : الغِناءُ مِمّا أوعَدَ اللَّهُ عَزَّوجلَّ علَيهِ النارَ ، وهُو قَولُهُ عَزَّوجلَّ : (ومِنَ الناسِ مَن يَشْتَري لَهْوَ الحَديثِ لِيُضِلَّ عن سَبيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ويَتَّخِذَها هُزُواً اُولئكَ لَهُم عَذابٌ مُهينٌ) .8

4889.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Singing (or music) is one of the things that Allah, Mighty and Exalted, has threatened to requite with the Fire, and this is the purport of Allah’s verse: “Among the people is he who buys diversionary words that he may lead [people] astray from Allah’s way without any knowledge, and he takes it in derision.”9 , 10

1.The Arabic word ghina’ lexically means ‘singing’ but has been translated in juristic books to denote music in general because of the connotations suggested in the prophetic traditions (ed.)

2.الحجّ : ۳۰ .

3.Qur’an ۲۲:۳۰

4.بحار الأنوار : ۷۹ / ۲۵۰ / ۲ .

5.Bihar al-Anwar, v. ۷۹, p. ۲۵۰, no. ۲

6.كنز العمّال : ۴۰۶۶۱ .

7.Kanz al-Ummal, no. ۴۰۶۶۱

8.كتاب من لا يحضره الفقيه : ۴ / ۵۸ / ۵۰۹۲ .

9.Qur’an ۳۱:۶

10.Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih v ۴ p۵۸ no۵۰۹۲

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