ABSTRACTS No. 66 - Page 188


Issuance of Hadith: Milieu and Atmosphere

Sayyed Mohammad Kazem Tabatabai

Getting familiar with the atmosphere of issuance of hadith brings about more accurate and more complete understanding of the Imam’s purpose within the text. Shia jurisprudential traditions have been issued in an atmosphere influenced by culture and beliefs of majority of Sunni people. Getting familiar with the influential evidences in understanding the existing subtleties of Shia jurisprudential traditions contexts requires awareness of the authentic Prophetic narrations to Ahl al-Sunnah, the sayings and opinions of the Prophet’s companions, followers, and scholars two first centuries of Islam. Collecting these evidences help us to verify dissimulative traditions in an accurate and complete way and determine common jurisprudential statements of Shia and Sunni people. This collection makes clear that some of the Prophet’s companions and followers, in the first, second and third classes of Sunni scholars during the two first centuries of Islam, had fatwas similar to Shia traditions.
Key Words: Causes for Issuance of Hadith, Dissimulation, Common Traditions.

Shaykh Mufid’s Imamology System
and Its Feedback in His Hadith Studies

Ruhollah Shahidi

Hadith scholarship of Shia scholars like their other theological studies is influenced by various principles and presuppositions. The theological principles, especially on the subject of leadership, are of high importance, since they are of the most fundamental theological issues among the Shia. Shaykh Mufid as a theologian who lived in transition period from text-orientedness to rationalism, a prominent figure in formation of the current system of Shia theology, and a prolific and productive author is a thorough example for demonstration of principles of Imamology in the field of hadith studies. His Imamology system is seen in four issues: “reason and necessity of the Imam", "status of the Imam", "attributes and characteristics of the

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