ABSTRACTS No. 78 - Page 187


Ta'wīl of hadith in the rational school of Mullā Ṣadrā: concept recognition and quality investigation

Ashrafus-sadat Shenayee1

Dr. S. Muhammad Kazem Tabatabaei2

Ta'wīl (interpretation) is a frequently used term which influences the religious realm. Its main function is to approach the reality of texts. When facing religious texts Ṣadr al-Dīn Shīrāzī (known as Mullā Ṣadrā) lays an emphasis on the source of revelation, and then he mentions the discussion of ta'wīl. Applying and ascription-based, descriptive and content analysis method, this article studies the concept recognition of ta'wīl in the thought of Mullā Ṣadrā and investigates the status of traditions and the way of their interpretation in the rational school of this scholar. The result of this study specifies that he has allocated some of his compilations to benefiting from traditions and that he emphasizes that one should maintain the outward meaning of words and avoid interpreting them; however, since he believes that the words of the Infallibles have an esoteric or inner meaning (bāṭin), he practices the ta'wīl of the traditions to shift from outward meaning to the inner one. His main standard in this task is edification of soul, inner purification of and intuitive wayfaring.

1.. PhD Student in Science and Knowledge of Nahj al-Balaghah at University of the Qur'an and Hadith, Qom, sh.nahj@gmail.com

2.. Assistant Professor at the University of the Qur'an and Hadith, Qom, tabazazem@gmail.com

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