Polytheism - Page 1

215 - الشِّرك‏


1019 - التَّحذيرُ مِنَ الشِّركِ‏


(وَإِذْ قالَ لُقْمانُ لِابْنِهِ وَهُوَ يَعِظُهُ يا بُنَيَّ لا تُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّ الشِّرْكَ لَظُلْمٌ عَظِيمٌ).2

"When Luqman said to his son, as he advised him: 'O my son! Do not ascribe any partners to Allah. Polytheism is indeed a great injustice." 3

(إِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ ما دُونَ ذَلِكَ لِمَن يَشاءُ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ ضَلّ ضَلالاً بَعِيداً).4

"Indeed Allah does not forgive that any partner should be ascribed to Him, but He forgives anything besides that to whomever He wishes. And whoever ascribes partners to Allah has certainly strayed into far error." 5

3240.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله - لعبد اللَّه بن مسعود - : يابنَ مَسعودٍ ، إيّاكَ أن تُشرِكَ بِاللَّهِ طَرفَةَ عَينٍ وإن نُشِرتَ بِالمِنشارِ ، أو قُطِّعتَ ، أو صُلِبتَ ، أو اُحرِقتَ بِالنارِ .6

3240.The Prophet (SAWA) said, 'O Ibn Masud, beware of ever associating anything with Allah for even the twinkling of an eye, even if you are to be cut up with a saw, amputated, crucified or burnt with fire.' 7

1.Translator's Note: The word shirk in Arabic implies a much wider meaning that the English 'polytheism' which has been defined as: worshipping or believing in more than one deity, idolatry. In Islam, its purport, in addition to ascribing partners to Allah, includes any form of association of anything or anyone with Allah's authority, His worship, His Names, His attributes, and His Greatness. This includes, therefore, vices such as self-worth, pride, showing-off, etc... Shirk has been translated in the text as polytheism for ease of translation.

2.لقمان : ۱۳ .

3.Qur'an ۳۱:۱۳

4.النساء : ۱۱۶ .

5.Qur'an ۴:۱۱۶

6.مكارم الأخلاق : ۲ / ۳۵۷ / ۲۶۶۰ .

7.Makarim al-Akhlaq, v. ۲, p. ۳۵۷, no. ۲۶۶۰

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