Jurisprudence - Page 2

1496 - خَصائِصُ الفَقيهِ‏


5101.الإمامُ عليٌّ عليه السلام : الفَقيهُ كُلُّ الفَقيهِ مَن لَم يُقَنِّطِ النّاسَ مِن رَحمَةِ اللَّهِ ، ولَم يُؤيِسهُم مِنَ روحِ اللَّهِ ، ولَم يُؤمِنهُم مِن مَكرِ اللَّهِ .2

5101.Imam Ali (AS) said, 'A real scholar is one who does not make people lose hope in the mercy of Allah, or cause them to have despair from the mercy of Allah, or make them feel safe from the Allah's cunningness.' 3

5102.الإمامُ عليٌّ عليه السلام : ألا اُخبِرُكُم بالفَقيهِ حَقِّ الفَقيهِ ؟ مَن لم يُرَخِّصِ الناسَ في مَعاصِي اللَّهِ ، ولم يُقَنِّطْهُم مِن رَحمَةِ اللَّهِ ، ولم يُؤمِنْهُم مِن مَكرِ اللَّهِ ، ولم يَدَعِ القرآنَ رَغبَةً عَنهُ إلى‏ ما سِواهُ .4

5102.Imam Ali (AS) said, 'Shall I inform you of a true learned person? He who does not allow people to commit acts of disobedience to Allah, does not let them lose hope in the mercy of Allah, does not assure them against the devices of Allah, and does not leave the Quran in his desire for something other than it.' 5

5103.الإمامُ الباقرُ عليه السلام - وقد سَألَهُ رجُلٌ فأجابَهُ ، فقالَ الرجُلُ : إنّ الفُقَهاءَ لا يَقولونَ هذا ! - : يا وَيحَكَ ! وهَل رَأيتَ فَقيهاً قَطُّ ؟ ! إنَّ الفَقيهَ حَقَّ الفَقيهِ : الزاهِدُ في الدنيا ، الراغِبُ في الآخِرَةِ ، المُتَمسِّكُ بسُنَّةِ النبيِّ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله .6

5103. Imam al-Baqir (AS) was once asked a question by a man, to which he duly replied, and to which the man then retorted, 'The jurists do not say this!' The Imam said, 'Woe unto you! Have you ever seen a jurist?! A real jurist is a person who is ascetic from this world, who craves for the Hereafter, and strongly holds onto the tradition of the Prophet (SAWA).' 7

5104.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : لا يكونُ الرجُلُ مِنكُم فَقيهاً حتّى‏ يَعرِفَ مَعاريضَ كلامِنا .8

5104.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'There is no man from among you who will become a jurist until they understand the intents of our speech.' 9

5105.الإمامُ الرِّضا عليه السلام : مِن علاماتِ الفِقهِ الحِلمُ والعِلمُ والصَّمتُ .10

5105.Imam al-Rida (AS) said, 'Among the signs of a jurist are clemency, knowledge, and silence.' 11

1.The original meaning of Faqih is 'learned man' or 'scholar', but it has acquired a more specific meaning in Islamic terminology, which is a 'jurist' or 'a religious scholar well-versed in Islamic law and jurisprudence (fiqh)' (ed.)

2.نهج البلاغة : حكمة ۹۰ .

3.Ghurar al-Hikam, no. ۸۴۸۷, and Uyun al-Hikam wa al-Mawai?, p. ۴۴۹, no. ۷۹۷۶, and Nahj al-Balagha, Saying ۹۰

4.تحف العقول : ۲۰۴ .

5.Tuhaf al-Uqul, p. ۲۰۴

6.الكافي : ۱ / ۷۰ / ۸ .

7.al-Kafi, v. ۱, p. ۷۰, no. ۸

8.معاني الأخبار : ۲ / ۳ .

9.Maani al-Akhbar, v. ۲, p. ۳

10.الاختصاص : ۲۳۲ .

11.al-Ikhtisas, p. ۲۳۲

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