Nahj al-Balagha Hadith n. 480

Selections from The Sayings and Preaching of Amir al-Muminin Ali ibn Abi Talib (Peace Be Upon Him) Including His Replies to Questions and Maxims Expressed for Various Purposes.
Translated by Sayyid Ali Reza

وَقَالَ (عليه ‏السلام):

Amir al-mu'minin, peace be upon him, said:

إِذَا احْتَشَمَ الْمُؤْمِنُ أَخَاهُ فَقَدْ فَارَقَهُ.

If a believer enrages his brother, it means that he leaves him.

قال الرضي: يقال: حشمه وأحشمه: إذا أغضبه، وقيل: أخجله، واحتشمه: طلب ذلك له، وهو مَظِنّة مفارقته.

As-Sayyid ar-Radi says: It is said ‘‘hashamahu’’ or ‘‘ahshamahu’’ to mean ‘‘He enraged him’’. According to another view it means ‘‘He humiliated him’’. While ‘‘ihtashamahu’’ means ‘‘He sought these for him’’, and that is most likely to cause him to separate.



و هذا حين انتهاء الغاية بنا إلى قطع المختار من كلام أمير المؤمنين عليه‏السلام ، حامدين للّه سبحانه على ما منّ به من توفيقنا لضم ما انتشر من أطرافه، و تقريب ما بعد من أقطاره. و تقرر العزم كما شرطنا أولا على تفضيل أوراق من البياض في آخر كل باب من الأبواب، ليكون لاقتناص الشارد، و استلحاق الوارد، و ما عسى أن يظهر لنا بعد الغموض، و يقع إلينا بعد الشذوذ، و ما توفيقنا إلا باللّه عليه توكلنا، و هو حسبنا و نعم الوكيل.

This is the end of our selection of the utterances of Amir al-mu’minin, peace be upon him, We are praiseful to Allah, the Glorified, for having enabled us to collect the scattered utterances from various sides and to bring together from different places the material that was lying far away. We intend, as we stipulated in the beginning, to leave some blank pages at the end of every chapter for the insertion of whatever we may get and the addition of whatever comes to us, for it is possible that some material which is not in our view at present or which is not available may become known to us and fall in our hands. We have no ability save through Allah. In Him we trust, and He is Sufficient for us. He is the best Supporter.

و ذلك في رجب سنة أربع مائة من الهجرة،

This book was completed in the month of Rajab, in the year 400 A.H.

و صلى اللّه على سيدنا محمد خاتم الرسل، و الهادي إلى خير السبل، و آله الطاهرين، و أصحابه نجوم اليقين

May Allah send blessings on our master Muhammad the last of the prophets who guided us towards the best path, and his chaste descendants and his companions who are the stars of conviction.