ABSTRACTS No. 58 - Page 247


Hamid Reza Maqsudi

Authenticity of Wahid Hadiths in the Field of Kalam

Without doubt, authenticity of wahid hadiths is one of the most influencing discussions in the Field of kalam and tafsir which causes fundamental distinctions in our attitude while approaching kalam texts and shaping belief.
In this paper, the author, while dealing with the views of the great scholars of usul in three consecutive periods first tries to make a reconsideration of intisabi shuhrat (attributing fame) as a critical issue among old and modern usuli scholars. He then comes up with influencing issues, which face up to wahid hadiths and challenge their authenticity in the field of kalam. Removing the obstacles, he finally paves the way for wahid hadiths to reach the peaks of authenticity.
Key Words: Authenticity, Whid Hadith, Certainty, Uncertainty, Beliefs.
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Mohammad Kazem Shaker Ph.D

Saeed Fakhkhari

Muhkam Mutashabih: History, Works, and Views

The authors of the present paper first try to make a comparison between what have been mentioned about implications of muhkam and mutashabah in hadith reports and what modern and earlier scholars have stated in this regard. Then, in the light of the general tenor of the chapter 3, verse 7 of the holy Quran make a judgment that how far way they got in the passing of tow periods of athar and ra'y from the earlier Quranic term.
The authors hold that two great contemporary scholars of the Quran, Allama Mohammad Hossein Tabatabaee and Ayatullah Mohammad Hadi Marifat, making an analysis of the exegetes and usuli's approach to this Quranic term, have achieved a pretty new definition of muhkam and mutashabih which is muh closer to the Quranic term. What have been reported in hadiths, in spite of a little disparity among them, are much closer to the Quranic term than what has become widespread among the usulis and subsequently among exegetes and scholars of the Quranic sciences.
Key Words: Ambiguous and Unambiguous Verses, Mukam, Mutashabih, Sciences of Quran, Traditions, Usul Fiqh (Principles of Jurisprudence).
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