Dissimulation - Page 1

412 - التَّقيّة

412. DISSIMULATION (taqiyya)

1870 - تَشرِيعُ التَّقِيَّةِ وَمُورِدُها


(لَا يَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ‏أَوْلِيَاءَمِنْ دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذلِكَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّهِ فِي شَيْ‏ءٍ إِلَّا أَنْ تَتَّقُوا مِنْهُمْ تُقَاةً وَيُحَذِّرُكُمُ اللَّهُ نَفْسَهُ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ الْمَصِيرُ) .1

"The faithful should not take the faithless for allies instead of the faithful, and whoever does that Allah will have nothing to do with him, except when you are wary of them out of caution. Allah warns you to beware of [disobeying] Him, and toward Allah is the return." 2

(مَنْ كَفَرَ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ بَعْدِ إِيمَانِهِ إِلَّا مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلكِنْ مَنْ شَرَحَ بِالْكُفْرِ صَدْراً فَعَلَيْهِمْ غَضَبٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ) .3

"Whoever renounces faith in Allah after [affirming] his faith - barring someone who is compelled while his heart is at rest in faith - but those who open up their breasts to unfaith, upon such shall be Allah's wrath, and there is a great punishment for them." 4

6688.الإمامُ الباقرُ عليه السلام : التَّقيَّةُ في كُلِّ ضَرورَةٍ، وصاحِبُها أعلَمُ بِها حِينَ تَنزِلُ بهِ .5

6688.Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, 'Dissimulation is in anything that is necessary, and the person [faced with] that situation is more knowledgeable of it when it falls upon him.' 6

6689.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : التَّقيَّة تُرسُ اللَّهِ بَينَهُ وبَينَ خَلقِهِ .7

6689.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'Dissimulation is Allah's shield between Himself and His creation.' 8

6690.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : اتَّقُوا على‏ دِينِكُم فاحجِبُوهُ بِالتَّقيَّةِ ؛ فإنّهُ لا إيمانَ لِمَن لا تَقيَّةَ لَهُ ، إنّما أنتُم في النّاسِ كالنَّحلِ في الطَّيرِ ؛ لَو أنَّ الطَّيرَ تَعلَمُ ما في أجوافِ النَّحلِ ما بَقِيَ مِنها شي‏ءٌ إلّا أكَلَتهُ .9

6690.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'Be wary for your religion, and protect it through dissimulation, for there is no faith for he who does not have [a place for] dissimulation. You are among people as bees among birds; if the birds knew what the bees harbour within them, they would not leave any of them without eating them.' 10

6691.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : واللَّهِ، ما عُبِدَ اللَّهُ بشي‏ءٍ أحَبَّ إلَيهِ مِن الخَب‏ءِ ، قلتُ : وما الخَب‏ءُ ؟ قال : التَّقيَّةُ .11

6691.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'By Allah, Allah cannot be worshipped with anything more beloved to Him than concealment.' I asked, 'What is concealment?' He said, 'Dissimulation.' 12

6692.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : المُؤمنُ مُجاهِدٌ ؛ لأنّهُ يُجاهِدُ أعداءَ اللَّهِ عَزَّوجلَّ في دَولَةِ الباطِلِ بِالتَّقيَّةِ ، وفي دَولَةِ الحَقِّ بِالسَّيفِ .13

6692.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'A believer is a struggler because he struggles with the enemies of Allah in a false government through dissimulation, and in a true government with the sword.' 14

1.آل عمران : ۲۸ .

2.Quran ۳:۲۸

3.النحل : ۱۰۶ .

4.Quran ۱۶:۱۰۶

5.الكافي : ۲ / ۲۱۹ / ۱۳ .

6.al-Kafi, v. ۲, p. ۲۱۹, no. ۱۲

7.الكافي : ۲ / ۲۲۰ / ۱۹ .

8.Ibid. v. ۲, p. ۲۲۰, no. ۱۹

9.الكافي : ۲ / ۲۱۸ / ۵ .

10.Ibid. v. ۲, p. ۲۱۸, no. ۵

11.الكافي : ۲ / ۲۱۹ / ۱۱ .

12.Ibid. v. ۲, p. ۲۱۹, no. ۱۱

13.علل الشرائع : ۴۶۷ / ۲۲ .

14.Ilal al-Sharai, p. ۴۶۷, no. ۲۲

Page From 2